embossed leather A process by which a texture or design is pressed into leather by way of a large heated metal plate, altering the surface of the leather grain. The result is a uniform imitation grain, decorative pattern, or overall texture.
embroidered velvet Fancy needlework using colored yarn, embroidery floss or soft cotton. Silk or metallic thread decorates the high luster, softly textured plain-weave cloth. The result is a rich fabric; punctuated by brightly colored patterns that flatten the plush texture.
embroidered velveteen Brushed, cut and woven velveteen (see velveteen) that’s been embellished with hand or machine embroidery. This adds richness and greater dimension to the surface of the fabric.
embroidery Needlework has been a popular diversion for women since medieval times. The first needle was a bone and the first thread was either straw or grass. Gold embroidery was first used by the Assyrians and later copied by the Greeks, Romans and Egyptians. The craft has come a long way since then, and although hand embroidery remains an established craft, most commercially produced embroideries are done by machine.
enamel A glassy substance (powdered glass with colorants) that is fused onto metal using intense heat. It can be transparent or opaque, but it is usually employed to add decorative color to a piece. There are four different enameling techniques. Cloisonné (closs-o-nay) is a method of applying enamel within a metal outline. The piece is then fired to a glassy sheen. In the champlevé (shamp-levay) technique, grooves are cut in the surface and then filled with enamel and fired. Guilloche (gi-osh) is a translucent enamel effect that is applied over an engraved metal surface. Plique-à-jour (plee-kay-a-jur) is a translucent enamel that has the effect of stained glass.
Empire waist A line sewn horizontally into a garment that begins immediately below the bust. This high-waisted style became popular in the early nineteenth century. It is flattering to many figure types in that it draws the eye upward and creates an elongating effect through the waist, making one appear taller.
extendibility If you need to make a necklace wider, no problem—extenders take care of that. An extra length of chain at the end of the necklace allows you to make it shorter or longer depending upon your mood and the circumference of your neck. Think of it as elasticity without the elastic.
eyelet An openwork effect that is given to fabric. It is created by a series of patterned cutouts or perforations that add beauty and breathability to a garment.